Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)


Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

A Labour Market Impact

Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker.

A labour market impact assessment (LMIA) is issued by the federal department of Economic and Social Development Canada (ESDC). It is an opinion that allows an officer to assess the effect that a permanent job offer to a foreign worker will have on Canada’s economy (positive, negative, or neutral). Several factors are considered, such as wages, working conditions, the availability of Canadians or permanent residents to do the work, and the skills and knowledge transfer and job creation that may result from employing a foreign worker. A positive LMIA means that the hiring of a foreign worker would have a beneficial impact on Canada’s labour market.


A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job. It will also show that no Canadian worker or permanent resident is available to do the job.


A positive LMIA is sometimes called a confirmation letter.If the employer needs an LMIA, they must apply for one.Once an employer gets the LMIA, the worker can apply for a work permit.

To apply for a work permit, a worker needs
  • A job offer letter
  • A contract
  • A copy of the LMIA, and
  • The LMIA number

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